Nitrous Oxide

The place to chat about drugs other than marijuana

Moderator: Moderators

Post Reply
User avatar
Weedguru Higher
Tetrahydrocannabinologist
Tetrahydrocannabinologist
Posts: 14619
Joined: Sun Mar 30, 2003 1:31 pm
Location: Canada
Contact:

Nitrous Oxide

Post by Weedguru Higher » Tue Apr 13, 2010 12:00 pm

Nitrous Oxide

Image Image

Nitrous oxide is a colourless gas with a slightly sweet odour. Nitrous oxide is a dissociative drug which was discovered in 1772 and is commonly used since the early 1800s.

The psychological effects of nitrous oxide have been discovered in 1799 by Humphrey Davy. When it is inhaled, nitrous oxide can cause euphoria, sedation, analgesia (pain relief), laughter/giggling, dissociation of the mind from the body, auditive distortions, visual hallucinations (rare) and other phenomena. In 1800, Humphrey Davy started marketing nitrous oxide as a recreational drug. Nitrous oxide was called ‘laughing gas’ and its use became popular at all kinds of social events, where it was commonly sold for entertainment. In modern times, nitrous oxide is sometimes used at parties, usually filled into balloons and inhaled from them.

Because it is a sedative and analgesic, nitrous oxide is used as an anaesthetic in dentistry and sometimes in surgery. Nitrous oxide is also used in the dairy industry, in car racing, in welding and in rocket engines.

Other names for nitrous oxide are: N2O, dinitrogen monoxide, E942, nitrous, laughing gas, NOS, hippie crack, etc.

Using nitrous oxide

In order to produce its dissociative effects, nitrous oxide has to be inhaled, usually by mouth.

A common source for nitrous oxide are whippets, which are small canisters that contain pressurized nitrous oxide. These are normally used in special devices for dispensing whipped cream. With a cracker, whippets can be opened and the nitrous oxide released into a balloon, from which it then can be inhaled. Both whippets and crackers can be obtained from several online suppliers and in head shops.
Dispensing nitrous oxide into balloons is done by inserting a whippet into the cracker, slipping the balloon over the end of the cracker, and screwing the cracker so the seal of the whippet is punctured and the balloon is filled with nitrous oxide. This may be repeated with the same balloon in order to fill larger amounts of nitrous oxide into the balloon. The nitrous oxide has to be filled into the balloon first, and not inhaled directly from the cracker (see dangers).

Another common source for nitrous oxide are whipped cream cans. These contain cream and nitrous oxide as a propellant. Whipped cream cans are usually more expensive than whippets, but are used mainly because they are readily available in most places. Nitrous oxide can be inhaled from whipped cream cans by letting them sit vertically with the opening upwards for about 2-3 minutes, then putting the mouth on the opening and pressing on the opening to release the nitrous oxide, which can be inhaled until whipped cream starts to come out of the can. It is also possible to transfer nitrous oxide from a whipped cream can into a balloon, from which it can be inhaled easier.

Nitrous oxide can be administered by connecting a tank of nitrous oxide to a breathing mask, for continuous administration. This method can be quite dangerous, for several reasons: continuous administration of pure nitrous oxide will result in hypoxia or anoxia (lack of oxygen), accidents due to equipment may happen (improper connection between tank and mask, etc.), the tank may run out of nitrous oxide (and the user will have nothing to breathe) and the user may stay under the influence of nitrous oxide for a very long time, which can be dangerous. If this method is used, at least 20% oxygen has to be added to the nitrous oxide and the user has to be under permanent supervision. If pure nitrous oxide (without oxygen) is used by this method, no more than a few inhalations have to be done (maximum one minute). The amount of time spent inhaling can’t be determined by the user (who will most likely lose consciousness), so the presence of a trip sitter is absolutely necessary.

Effects of nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide can produce the following effects: giggling, euphoria, auditive distortions (flanging of sound), analgesia (pain relief, sometimes numbing), loss of balance, tingling or numbing in extremities, dissociation (detaching from reality, out-of-body experiences) and dream-like states. When nitrous oxide administration is prolonged, the user usually falls unconscious and can experience dreams and visions, out-of-body experiences and sometimes mystical and religious experiences. Altered thought patterns (usually involving strange arrangements of words) are sometimes observed.

Nitrous oxide quickly enters the bloodstream through the alveoli in the lungs. Nitrous oxide is fat soluble, being quickly distributed in the whole body, including synapses in the brain. Nitrous oxide is an uncompetitive NMDA channel blocker, which explains its effects.

The effects of a single inhalation of nitrous oxide start almost instantly, usually a few seconds after inhaling. The effects peak about 10-20 seconds after inhalation, and they diminish as quickly as they began. If nitrous oxide administration is prolonged, the effects reach a plateau about 30-60 seconds after the first breath, and diminish a few seconds after nitrous oxide is no longer administered. Mild sedation, feeling of well-being and sometimes headache (especially with prolonged administration) can be felt up to 30 minutes after coming down.

Combinations with nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide has gained a reputation of combining very well with most psychoactives.

Combinations with hallucinogenic drugs are usually very intense and should be carried out only by experienced hallucinogen users. 2C-I, 5-MEO-DMT, cannabis, DPT, DXM, ketamine, LSD, Psilocybe mushrooms and Salvia divinorum have been reported to cause intense dissociation with nitrous oxide. Also, in many cases, nitrous oxide in combination with hallucinogens alters the experience of the latter significantly, even after the user comes down from the nitrous oxide.

Combinations of nitrous oxide with methamphetamine and BZP (and possibly other stimulants) are reported to be euphoric and overall pleasant. Combinations with opiates are reported to potentiate the opiate euphoria.

Other uses for nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide is bacteriostatic (stops bacteria growth), fat soluble and does not leave residues, taste or odor, which makes it useful as an aerosol propellant in the dairy industry. In whipped cream cans, nitrous oxide is held under pressure where it becomes a liquid and mixed with liquid cream. When released from the can, together with the cream, nitrous oxide expands, foaming the cream. Nitrous oxide works similar when used in special whipped cream dispensers.

In car racing, nitrous oxide is usually injected into the intake manifold in order to increase engine power. This is achieved because nitrous oxide supplies more oxygen to the engine than air, allowing the engine to work faster, and because the nitrous oxide expands in the intake manifold, the temperature drops, making a denser charge possible. Nitrous oxide used in car racing is contaminated with sulphur dioxide to discourage human consumption and should not be used recreationally.

Nitrous oxide has been used medically as a mild anaesthetic since 1863, in dentistry, surgery and childbirth. Nitrous oxide has replaced other medically used anaesthetics (chloroform, diethyl ether), which have a higher toxicity. In a medical setting, nitrous oxide is usually administered through a mask with 20% oxygen, to prevent oxygen deprivation. Today, nitrous oxide is used commonly in dentistry, in order to produce analgesia or to calm down anxious patients. Nitrous oxide is also used for analgesia in patients who are or are thought to be allergic to other analgesics (especially children).

The dangers of nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide can produce acute adverse effects in some users, and some of its dissociative effects may represent dangers to the user. Possible adverse effects of nitrous oxide include: nausea (especially when used repeatedly, after a meal, or in combination with alcohol) which can lead to vomiting (can be dangerous to the user, because he/she can fall unconscious on nitrous oxide and choke on his/her vomit) and headaches, during or after the experience. Because nitrous oxide can cause loss of motor control, inhaling it when standing can be dangerous. Nitrous oxide should not be used in any situation in which sudden unconsciousness may be dangerous (standing, driving, operating machinery, etc.). Users should be in a comfortable and safe setting to avoid accidentally inuring themselves. Serious injury and death has resulted from nitrous oxide being inhaled while driving or standing in front of an open window.

Long-term dangers of nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide interacts with vitamin B12 synthesis in the human body by interfering with the enzyme methionine synthase, depleting the body of vitamin B12. Also, in a scientific study, it was shown that 24 hours of exposure to nitrous oxide caused interferences with DNA synthesis.

When nitrous oxide is used heavily and over an extended period of time, vitamin B12 depletion will probably become a major problem, as it can cause brain and nerve damage. Physical symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency include: tingling sensation in extremities, paresthesias (no sense of touch and pain), difficulties with motor control (can lead to inability to walk), etc. If a frequent user of nitrous oxide experiences one or more of the above symptoms, it is vital to cease the use immediately and consume healthy amounts of vitamin B12 and other vitamins (especially folic acid). If symptoms persist or get worse, a physician has to be consulted. There are some reported cases of chronic nitrous oxide use resulting in the symptoms mentioned above. However, virtually all of the patients used nitrous oxide excessively, up to 400 whippets each week, over the period of several months.

If nitrous oxide is used frequently (although this is not recommended), consuming supplements containing vitamin B12 and folic acid may reduce the long-term risks of chronic nitrous oxide use.

Heavy use of nitrous oxide can result in lower amounts of lymphocytes of the blood (results in a weakened immune system), reproductive disturbances and hyperhomocysteinemia (a risk factor in vascular disease).

Because the effects caused by nitrous oxide are pleasant and very short, many users desire another dose. Sometimes, this continues until no more nitrous oxide is available to the user. This compulsive use of nitrous oxide can lead to psychological addiction in some users, which can lead to excessive use (dangerous for the reasons stated above) and deterioration of personality.

Prolonged exposure to nitrous oxide has been shown to cause Olney’s Lesions, although the alveolization of certain parts of the brain does not result in further damage as it happens with most other dissociative drugs.

Who should not use nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide should be avoided by pregnant women. High doses of nitrous oxide have been proven to be teratogenic in rodents, and also other conditions caused by chronic use of nitrous oxide (vitamin B12 depletion, hyperhomocysteinemia) can result in a malformed child if the user is pregnant.

Because nitrous oxide tends to diffuse into air-filled spaces in the body (intestines, middle ear, etc.), it may be dangerous when used by persons middle ear disease, bowel obstruction, pneumothorax, etc. In the case of nitrous oxide in the intestines, it will probably only result in gastrointestinal discomfort. Nitrous oxide in the middle ear might cause temporary or permanent hearing loss, which is why nitrous oxide should not be used when one has an ear infection or any other disease in this region. Pneumothorax (collapsed lung, accumulation of air in the pleural cavity) is a medical emergency. Nitrous oxide should not be used for analgesia in such cases, but medical personnel will (hopefully) know not to administer nitrous oxide to a person with pneumothorax.

Dangerous or negative interactions with nitrous oxide

Alcohol can increase the likelihood of nausea when combined with nitrous oxide.

Although most other hallucinogens combine well with nitrous oxide, the resulting experience may be too intense for many users, especially those inexperienced with hallucinogens.

Indirect dangers of nitrous oxide

The dangers not directly related to nitrous oxide are mostly present because nitrous oxide is often used from pressurized containers, without constant oxygen supply, or from sources that may contain contaminants. Also, other compounds like carbon dioxide and nitric oxide may be mistaken for nitrous oxide.

Nitrous oxide is commonly used from tanks or whippets, which contain liquefied nitrous oxide which is under pressure. If nitrous oxide is administered directly from a whippet or tank, the expanding gas will be very cold and is capable of freezing the nose, lips and throat (including vocal cords) of the user. The gas is also under constant pressure and can cause ruptures in lung tissue. Both dangers can be prevented by releasing the nitrous oxide into a balloon before inhalation, so it will warm up and have normal pressure when inhaled.

If nitrous oxide is administered pure, without supplemental oxygen, it can cause hypoxia (low levels of oxygen in the blood). Hypoxia can cause headache, brain damage, and finally death through suffocation. A few breaths of pure nitrous oxide are unlikely to be a problem, but if nitrous oxide is administered through a mask or equivalent, 20% oxygen (by volume) has to be added (2l oxygen for each 8l nitrous oxide). Note that it is not possible to the user to determine whether he/she has enough oxygen, because nitrous oxide does not cause shortness of breath. Hypoxia can also happen if pure nitrous oxide is administered through a garbage bag (can fall over the face) or in a closed room (closet, car or other sealed space).

Different sources of nitrous oxide may contain harmful contaminants. Automotive grade nitrous oxide (NOS, NX) is contamined with sulphur dioxide and should not be inhaled. Food grade nitrous oxide from whippets may contain oily residues, which are probably harmful if inhaled. Medical grade nitrous oxide is the highest purity of nitrous oxide available, as it is specifically produced for human consumption.

Scientific grade nitrous oxide

This is the purest form (99.9%) of nitrous oxide available, but also the hardest to find. It is used in some chemical reactions, when contaminants of any kind can not be tolerated.

Medical grade nitrous oxide

Medical grade (USP) nitrous oxide is 99% pure and intended specifically for human consumption. This form is also hard to obtain (medical suppliers, etc.) and usually controlled. Medical grade nitrous oxide usually are big containers, which contain large amounts of pressurized nitrous oxide.

Food grade nitrous oxide

Food grade nitrous oxide is used in whipped cream cans and whipped cream chargers. It is usually pure enough for human consumption, although many brands of whipped cream chargers have been reported to leave a residue similar to motor oil, which can be potentially harmful to the user. Most recreationally used nitrous oxide is food grade, because it is the easiest to obtain.

Automotive grade nitrous oxide

Automotive grade nitrous oxide is used in car racing. To discourage recreational use of this type of nitrous oxide, it is mixed with sulphur dioxide, which is very unpleasant to inhale and can be harmful to the lungs. Automotive grade nitrous oxide should not be inhaled.

Entonox

Entonox is a mixture of 50% nitrous oxide and 50% oxygen, which is used medically as an anaesthetic to relieve pain during labour, trauma or minor surgeries. It is used more commonly than nitrous oxide with 20% oxygen, mainly because it can be self-administered (the user does not usually lose consciousness, because of the lower concentration of nitrous oxide) and keeps oxygen levels high, so short periods of apnoea will not represent a danger.
Image

anonymouse
Why Hello There !
Posts: 3
Joined: Sun May 23, 2010 8:09 pm
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by anonymouse » Sun May 23, 2010 8:19 pm

And this is definately an original by Weedguru Higher is it?
I mean it is not plagiarism at all, is it?
Not directly knocked-off from another forum?

This is actually copywrited material from drugs-forum, as it goes... so I hear.
Not good to steal someone's hard work and make it your own.

Tut tut you tealeaves... karma is going to strike.

User avatar
Bubbles
The Green Bastard
The Green Bastard
Posts: 4357
Joined: Tue Feb 09, 2010 2:10 am
Location: Canada
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Bubbles » Mon May 24, 2010 4:41 am

he never claimed it as his own.
Image

anonymouse
Why Hello There !
Posts: 3
Joined: Sun May 23, 2010 8:09 pm
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by anonymouse » Mon May 24, 2010 10:58 pm

He didn't accredit it to the original author either

User avatar
J O E
Bonghead
Bonghead
Posts: 281
Joined: Tue Apr 06, 2010 3:55 pm
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by J O E » Mon May 24, 2010 11:03 pm

we dont care and he wont be getting an award for it

you however have contributed nothing to this board
its just there in the air

anonymouse
Why Hello There !
Posts: 3
Joined: Sun May 23, 2010 8:09 pm
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by anonymouse » Tue May 25, 2010 8:14 am

Oh don't let that worry you though, I have to plenty of others... all in my own words too :flip: as did the original author of this work.

Have a good day (Y)

User avatar
Bubbles
The Green Bastard
The Green Bastard
Posts: 4357
Joined: Tue Feb 09, 2010 2:10 am
Location: Canada
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Bubbles » Tue May 25, 2010 8:47 pm

anonymouse wrote:Oh don't let that worry you though, I have to plenty of others... all in my own words too :flip: as did the original author of this work.

Have a good day (Y)
are you angry or just greedy?
Image

User avatar
Blunt Docta
Herbal Assassin
Herbal Assassin
Posts: 851
Joined: Sun May 16, 2010 2:31 am
Location: Cloud 9
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Blunt Docta » Wed May 26, 2010 1:23 am

i absolutley love nitrous oxide.
gave me best high in the fucking world.
if it didnt cost 100s id be doing all fucking day.
Image

User avatar
Bubbles
The Green Bastard
The Green Bastard
Posts: 4357
Joined: Tue Feb 09, 2010 2:10 am
Location: Canada
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Bubbles » Wed May 26, 2010 4:10 am

Blunt Docta wrote:i absolutley love nitrous oxide.
gave me best high in the fucking world.
if it didnt cost 100s id be doing all fucking day.
just eat lots of aerosol whip cream, the first time you crack it it gives you a bit, one time when i was like 13 i got myself fucked up on it it was hilarious.
Image

User avatar
Blunt Docta
Herbal Assassin
Herbal Assassin
Posts: 851
Joined: Sun May 16, 2010 2:31 am
Location: Cloud 9
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Blunt Docta » Wed May 26, 2010 1:20 pm

flyinhigh wrote:
Blunt Docta wrote:i absolutley love nitrous oxide.
gave me best high in the fucking world.
if it didnt cost 100s id be doing all fucking day.
just eat lots of aerosol whip cream, the first time you crack it it gives you a bit, one time when i was like 13 i got myself fucked up on it it was hilarious.
hah wow didnt know that
Image

User avatar
J O E
Bonghead
Bonghead
Posts: 281
Joined: Tue Apr 06, 2010 3:55 pm
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by J O E » Thu May 27, 2010 6:43 pm

oxygen is prolly better for you

I'm hitting an oxygen bar tonight for my cuz's b-day
its just there in the air

User avatar
Weedguru Higher
Tetrahydrocannabinologist
Tetrahydrocannabinologist
Posts: 14619
Joined: Sun Mar 30, 2003 1:31 pm
Location: Canada
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Weedguru Higher » Thu May 27, 2010 8:23 pm

anonymouse wrote:He didn't accredit it to the original author either
Can't when I don't know who it is...
And no, it didn't come from drugs forum...there's nothing here that I got from there. It may be there though...most of these guides are the same ones plastered all over the net on various sites. No way to know where they originate from. Unless of course it says who did and it that case I do credit the authors.
Image

User avatar
Bubbles
The Green Bastard
The Green Bastard
Posts: 4357
Joined: Tue Feb 09, 2010 2:10 am
Location: Canada
Contact:

Re: Nitrous Oxide

Post by Bubbles » Fri May 28, 2010 4:16 am

Weedguru Higher wrote:
anonymouse wrote:He didn't accredit it to the original author either
Can't when I don't know who it is...
And no, it didn't come from drugs forum...there's nothing here that I got from there. It may be there though...most of these guides are the same ones plastered all over the net on various sites. No way to know where they originate from. Unless of course it says who did and it that case I do credit the authors.
that shitbird got owned.
Image

Post Reply

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users